Methodological approaches to creation of monitoring system of the Dnipro River Basin to protect environment and public health.
Demyanenko, Prof. Valeriy 1, Stepanyuk, Ms. Sofiya2, 1 Cherkassy State University of Engineering and Technology, Cherkassy, Ukraine2 Foundation, Cherkassy, Ukraine
ABSTRACT- The paper is aimed at creation of effective system of water quality monitoring and improving of the effectiveness of water management in the region, it will positively influence the ecological situation of the river. Improving of ecological situation should be achieved by reduction of harmful discharges into the river. The main goals of the The Dnipro River Pollution Monitoring were: Evaluation of existing infrastructure of the basin of the river, identification of the pollutants; Investigation and implementation of water quality analysis aimed at the main sources of pollution; Creation of computer database on the basis of information which was gathered in the process of projects implementation; Identification of the critical levels of pollution; Organization and implementation of the seminar based on the results of investigations; Working out recommendations aimed at water management improvement; Distribution of positive experience through mass media and via electronic media. According to the results of investigations 2002-2003 the working group has made such recommendations: Discharge of polluted reverse waters has increase d at 2.3 million m3, discharge of not duly polluted waters has decreased at 0.73 million m3; Discharge of polluting substances has decreased at 1,068 thousand tons; Pollution index has increased in comparison with 2001. Water quality is characterized as satisfactory. Future pollution car lead to changing water quality to worse; During last years as result of non restricted pollution, on small rivers we can witness intensive degradation; Taking into account everything that was described before it should be admitted that the Dnipro should be monitored on the all area of its flow. The Dnipro river is the main source for water supply in Ukraine and 1/3 of the populations use water from the Dnipro river basin. During the first stage of project's implementation working group have achieved such results: Analysis of the exiting situation on enterprises-pollutants; Investigation of water quality of the river Dnipro; Performing of accounts as to the pollution index; Organization of monitoring activity aimed at investigation of social ecological problems. --------------------------------- This project work is supported by Embassy of the United Kingdom (FCO) in Kiev, Ukraine.
Key words: Sanitary standards,, transfer knowledge, monitoring implementat
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