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HA8 Homeland Security: Public Source Waters
(552) Security at the Nation's drinking water and wastewater facilities: past, present, and future.
Leiby, V1, Pittinger, C2, 1 The Cadmus Group, Inc., Damascus, MD, USA2 The Cadmus Group, Inc., Cincinnati, OH, USA
ABSTRACT- The need to secure the Nations drinking water and wastewater facilities was first recognized in 1998 with the publication of Presidential Decision Directive 63 (PDD-63). This directive identified Americas critical infrastructures and created the National Infrastructure Protection Center at the FBI. The U.S. Environmental Agency (EPA) was assigned as the lead government agency for the water sector. This paper will briefly review pertinent executive orders, the Bioterrorism Act, and Homeland Security Act provisions that address vulnerability assessments and emergency response requirements and deadlines for drinking water and wastewater facilities. The Department of Homeland Security advisory color coding system will also be discussed. A variety of tools that have been developed to assist facilities in characterizing their vulnerabilities will be summarized as well as emergency response and communication tools. Finally, the paper will address future research needs related to detection, response, and remediation.
Key words: drinking water, security, vulnerability assessment tools, emergency response
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