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M9 AM Ecotoxicology of Reptiles
(GAR-1117-729181) Heavy metal accumulation in four species of sea turtles from the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico.
Gardner, S1, Fitzgerald, S1, Acosta Vargas, B, Méndez, L1, 1 Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, La Paz, BCS, Mexico
ABSTRACT- Heavy metals were assessed in four species of sea turtles from the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico, representing the first report of heavy metal concentrations in tissues of post-yearling sea turtles from the Eastern Pacific. Concentrations of Cd measured in C. mydas kidney (653 g/g dry wt) were the highest ever reported for any sea turtle species. Cd accumulated preferentially in kidney and the ratios of kidney to liver Cd in Baja California turtles were among the highest reported for sea turtles globally. Zn, Ni, and Mn concentrations were also significantly higher in kidney than other tissues, while Cu and Fe were greatest in liver, and all metals were lowest in muscle. With the exception of one value (69.9 g/g in kidney of C. caretta), Pb was low in all tissues from Baja California. In comparisons across species, kidney of C. mydas had greater Zn and Ni concentrations as compared to other species, although there was no difference in liver metal levels among the species. Positive correlations were detected in the concentrations of Cd, Cu and Ni with the straight carapace length of C. caretta.
Key words: sea turtles, heavy metals, cadmium, Mexico
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